Back in the day, I checked MY (the one I own) S.C.R.G. Slot-3-Clock card battery holder voltage, with and without the 3 volt (rechageable) LR2430 lithium battery, while powered up, and it was 5 volts. My lithium-air (LR) batteries were rechargeable and were recharged daily. That is why they lasted for so long.
Also, I was wrong about "simple lithum" batteries AND "lithium-salt" batteries. Their names are "primary lithium" batteries AND "secondary lithium-ion" or "lithium-polymer" batteries, respectively. And, I got thier rechargeabilities reversed. But, all of the following lithium battery chemistries are rechargeable.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Disposable primary lithium batteries must be distinguished from secondary lithium-ion and lithium-polymer, which are rechargeable batteries.
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Chemistries: [Chemistry, Cathode, Electrolyte, Nominal voltage, Open-circuit voltage, Wh/kg, Wh/L, and Comments.]
Li-V2O5, Vanadium pentoxide, <no data>, 3.3/2.4 V, 3.4 V, 120/260, 300/660, Two discharge plateaus. Low-pressure. Rechargeable. Used in reserve batteries.
Li-CuCl2, Copper chloride, LiAlCl4 or LiGaCl4 in SO2, a liquid, inorganic, non-aqueous electrolyte., <no data>, <no data>, <no data>, <no data>, <no data>, Rechargeable. This cell has three voltage plateaus as it discharges (3.3 V, 2.9 V and 2.5 V). Discharging below the first plateau reduces the life of the cell. The complex salt dissolved in SO2 has a lower vapor pressure at room temperature than pure sulfur dioxide, making the construction simpler and safer than Li-SO2 batteries., <no data>, <no data>, <no data>, <no data>, <no data>,
Li/Al-MnO2, Manganese dioxide, <no data>, 3 V, <no data>, <no data>, <no data>, <no data>, Rechargeable. Also known as ML type., <no data>, <no data>, <no data>, <no data>, <no data>,
Li/Al-V2O5, Vanadium pentoxide, <no data>, 3 V, <no data>, <no data>, <no data>, <no data>, Rechargeable. Also known as VL type., <no data>, <no data>, <no data>, <no data>, <no data>,
Li-Se, Selenium, non-aqueous carbonate electrolytes, 1.9 V., <no data>, <no data>, <no data>,
Li–air (Lithium–air battery), Porous carbon, Organic, aqueous, glass-ceramic (polymer-ceramic composites), <no data>, <no data>, 1800–660, 1600–600, <no data>. Rechargeable. No commercial implementation is available as of 2012 due to difficulties in achieving multiple discharge cycles without losing capacity. There are multiple possible implementations, each having different energy capacities, advantages and disadvantages. In November 2015, a team of University of Cambridge researchers furthered work on lithium-air batteries by developing a charging process capable of prolonging the battery life and battery efficiency. Their work resulted in a battery that delivered high energy densities, more than 90% efficiency, and could be recharged for up to 2,000 times. The lithium-air batteries are described as the "ultimate" batteries because they propose a high theoretical energy density of up to ten times the energy offered by regular lithium-ion batteries. They were first developed in a research environment by Abraham & Jiang in 1996. The technology, however, as of November 2015, will not be immediately available in any industry and it could take up to 10 years for lithium-air batteries to equip devices. The immediate challenge facing scientists involved in its invention is that the battery needs a special porous graphene electrode, among other chemical components, and a narrow voltage gap between charge and discharge to significantly increase efficiency., <no data>, <no data>, <no data>, <no data>, <no data>,
The liquid organic electrolyte is a solution of an ion-forming inorganic lithium compound in a mixture of a high-permittivity solvent (propylene carbonate) and a low-viscosity solvent (dimethoxyethane).